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No 58
Vol. 58 No. 16
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Evaluation of the life quality and its effect on the citizens’ participation case study: Neyriz city Nowadays, quality of life is the most supreme level in the objectives of social-economic planning and it is the golden key of citizens’ participation for appropriate and applicable planning in order to improve and increase the quality of life of citizens and it can be evaluated based on two dimensions, subjective and objective. The present study was carried out based on applied research and the descriptive survey research method; the aim of this research was to measure the quality of life and its effect on citizens’ participation in Neyriz. Statistical society of this research is all wardens of families in Neyriz town, which by implementing Cochran formula and simple random sampling, 321 samples were selected and questionnaires were distributed randomly among thirteen neighborhoods. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed from the perspective of scholars, and its reliability was evaluated through the use of coronbach's Alpha ( 0.80 and 0.84). The SPSS and AMOS software were used to carry out the statistical analysis. Results of the study revealed that family life satisfaction indicator with mean (M= 3.75) and health with mean (M= 3.16), had the highest mean and economic indicator with the mean (M= 2.56), had the lowest level of satisfaction in quality of life. Also, in the field of citizens participation, political dimensions with (M= 3.06) had the highest mean and subjective-spiritual index (M= 2.34) had the lowest mean. The results of the correlation analysis indicated that that enhancement of the quality of life can lead to increase of citizens’ participation in urban affairs, and there is a significant and direct relation between these issues. The Regression analysis also showed that the family life index (Beta =0.20) and the economic index (Beta =0.13) had the greatest impact on participation and totally the dimensions of quality of life can estimate 07% of participation variance.
mohammad reza rezaei - zahra Asiyabani
Keywords : Quality of life ، Subjective index ، objective index ، Neyriz city
This study was conducted to determine the long-term behavior of the series of the minimum average temperature and maximum average temperature as well as to identify the hot and cold periods of 35 Iranian stations during the period of 1960-2010.Initially, in order to understand the changes in the minimum and maximum temperatures, the average maps of minimum and maximum temperatures and their coefficient of variation were drawn using the Kriging method. Then, by using of the Mann-Kendall statistical test, the significance of the trend on each station was tested at 95% confidence level. Finally, with the use of the 20% high and low probabilities of the minimum and maximum averages temperature during the 50-year study period, cold and hot courses were identified. The results show that the dispersion and temperature distribution on Iran in the seasonal and annual scale follows a similar pattern, which indicates a regular temperature regime in the region. The range of day-to-day variations in most of the study synoptic stations, except for the winter season which has been decreasing in most of the points, does not show a significant change. The average effect of minimum temperatures on seasonal scale during the studied period is higher on the average temperature of different regions of Iran. The most frequent occurrence of cold periods is in the first half of the study period and the most frequent occurrence of warm periods is in the second half of the study period, especially in the 2000s.
- mostafa karampoor - mohammad moradi - hooshang ghaemi - behrouz nasiri
Keywords : Trend ، Temperature ، Man-Kendall ، Iran
In recent years, the determination of the uncertainty of hydrological models in the hydrological research has been very much taken into consideration. Although the parameters of the hydrological model are usually determined by calibration, but there is considerable uncertainty in the model parameters. In this study, with the aim of calibration and uncertainty analysis of coupled model ALSIS-HBV, GLUE method has been used in the Karkheh basin. Determining the main source of uncertainty and identification of parameters, as well as estimating uncertainty in the results of river flow simulation are other goals of this research. The findings show that K2, Fcap, MaxBas, lp, B, degw and ttlim parameters are main sources of river flow uncertainty, and the parameters K2, Fcap, B, lp and perc are the most identifiable parameters. In general, the model's performance evaluation for river flow simulation in karkheh basin, especially in calibration period is good and acceptable, and most river flow observations are in 95% confidence intervals, Therefore, the probability distribution calculated from the river flow can be used to predict the flow of the river.
Maryam Shafiei - - Parviz Irannejad
Keywords : Uncertainty analysis ، GLUE method ، Coupled model ، River flow ، Karkheh basin
Islamic civilization is a religious civilization, all elements of which are centered on Islam. As Madina al-Nabi, the new city of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him), was founded on this basis and created a civilization based on the Quran and Sunnah. The Islamic conquest led to the confrontation of Muslim jihadis with the peoples of other regions such as Iran, Damascus, North Africa, Egypt and Andalusia. As a result of territorial expansion and the development of areas under the influence of Islamic caliphate, most of the elements of civilization were changed, and Islam was developed with immutable and flexible principles in the conquered territories. The result of this encounter and the combination of Islam with other cultures of various nations was a valuable civilization that was initiated in Medina al-Nabi, but in lands such as Iran, Mesopotamia , the Levant, Egypt and Spain.
hossein rahmanitirkalai - naser sadeghiean
Keywords : Islamic civilization, ، geography of the Islamic world, ، ethnic and religious heterogeneity and language
The Structural-Functional Scheduling Approach was proposed by the author in 2011 as a new framework in the study of space systems, in particular its settlement system. Since then, this approach has been more or less welcomed both in scientific-research circles and in executive agencies. However, criticisms have been made about it. The motivation for writing this essay is actually to address the content of one of these critiques and an explanation of some of the principles of critique, although its audience is not necessarily an individual, but the scientific community of the country, especially students and scholars who are interested in more critique and possibly the use of this The approach is to advance their research.
ِAbaas Saidi
Keywords : Scientific critique; Geography; Space system; Structural-functional nibs

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