عنوان مقاله [English]
The Syrian crisis ended after seven years (from 2011 to 2017) while it left many human consequences in terms of the displacement of more than half of the population of 23 million (around 13.5 million) of this country. The United Nations High Commissioner called the Syrian crisis the worst global crisis in the last 25 years. The current study aims to investigate and explain the consequences of the Syrian migrant crisis on the host countries and, accordingly, the problems and challenges of these migrants in the receiving countries. in terms of structure; At first, the present study briefly analyzes and examines the role of the host countries in the conflict and war in Syria. These countries are the five regional countries of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt, and in the extra-regional dimension, to some extent, the countries of the European Union. Then, in the next step, the situation of the immigrants in the mentioned countries will be discussed, and the effects that this forced migration will have on these countries will be discussed, and finally, the consequences of this forced migration in political, economic, cultural, security and social dimensions will be discussed. It is examined. In general, the geopolitical crisis of Syria, in addition to having long-term effects on the government of the Syrian nation in the internal dimension, it will also affect the host countries in the medium and at least the short term. This situation is much more acute for Syria's neighbors.