عنوان مقاله [English]
Water and the old ways of managing and exploiting it in the land of Iran, where a large part of its territory is located in arid and semi-arid climates, have always played a very important role in socio-economic developments and the establishment of cultural perspectives. The beginning of the period of modernization in Iran and the development of medium-term construction plans (from 1327 onwards), along with the implementation of land reforms (1341 onwards) and perhaps most importantly, the change of the government's income base from taxes and land debt (proprietary interest) to oil sales , along with the rapid growth of urbanization and the expansion of industrial activities, it became the foundation for unprecedented developments in the field of water governance in a new framework, but with the government as its center and in a completely centralized format. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution (1357), the process of expanding the exploitation of water resources was brought up in unprecedented dimensions, during which the previous civil and regional development plans, centered on water, in the areas of Nuabad and having a relative advantage, gave way to the implementation of development plans in All over the country. Thus, the attitude towards the management of water resources and its governance found relatively new characteristics. This article tries to investigate the governance of water and its role in balanced and sustainable development as well as evaluate its spatial consequences in Karkheh irrigation area (Khuzestan). This research has been done by relying on the mixed method (quantitative and qualitative) and by using the tools of structured questionnaires and interviews, focused group discussion sessions and non-participatory observation and dialogue. Based on this, an effort has been made to take into account the viewpoints of all actors at different national, regional and local levels (including managers and experts in various fields, including university professors and experts in water and agriculture, environment, development planners, representatives of local communities and users Direct use of the project in the form of individual and group interviews.