عنوان مقاله [English]
Islamic civilization is a religious civilization that all its components are based on the Islamic religion. As Madinah al-Nabi, the newly founded city of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was based on these pillars and created a civilization whose foundations were Quranic and Sunnah. Islamic conquests led to the confrontation of Muslim jihadists with the people of other regions such as Iran, Syria, North Africa, Egypt and Andalusia. As a result of the territorial expansion and the development of the areas under the influence of the Islamic caliphate, most of the components of civilization changed and Islam was cultivated in the conquered lands with its unchangeable principles and flexible sub-principles. The result of this encounter and fusion of Islam with other cultures of different nations was a valuable civilization that had its beginning in Medina, but flourished in lands such as Iran, Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and Spain. The main goal of this research is to represent Islamic civilization in its specific geographical area and to identify ethnic, religious and linguistic homogeneities and heterogeneities within its framework.