عنوان مقاله [English]
Globalization is the most prominent feature of our time, which creates requirements for greater cooperation at the regional level. Regionalism is complementary to globalization and paying attention to it can protect countries from the negative consequences of globalization to an acceptable extent. The Islamic Republic of Iran cannot be an exception to this rule. Iran can improve its position in global equations by effectively participating in regional trends, while taking advantage of this advantage. But emphasizing which dimension of regionalism will guarantee Iran's long-term success? In this regard, if "politics and security" are prioritized, based on the theory of neo-realism, which sees the international arena plunged into chaos, it can be said that its benefits will go to powerful actors. But by focusing on the geo-economic foundations, considering that the logic in the international system after the Cold War is economic, and subsequently, a large amount of power components at the national and international level appear in the framework of economic interests, economic diplomacy can use To achieve his goals from international opportunities and possibilities. For this purpose, the ECO Economic Cooperation Organization, which was established with the aim of expanding trade and economic cooperation among its member countries, and also considering its advantages for our country, such as social solidarity, including linguistic, religious and cultural commonalities, geographical proximity and also the centrality of Iran to it, It has a lot of potential capacities so that with better planning in using its high capacities, it can have an impact on providing the best interests of our country.