عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent decades, the rapid urbanization and uneven growth of inefficient urban centers, especially, on the one hand, and the underdevelopment of rural areas on the other, as well as the complex interplay of rural-urban areas, have emerged.
Therefore, particular attention to inter-settlement relations, with an emphasis on settlement integration and striving for constructive relations, eventually establishing rural-urban links. Although scholarly studies of urban-rural relations in Iran rely primarily on the studies of Hans Bobek (1938 and 1948) and Eckart Ehlers (1975a, 1975b, 1976a, 1976b), the global history of the debate about the obligation to integrate the human settlements, based on settlement networks should be further searched in the discussions of Walter Christaller (1933).
The main research method is deductive method, based on the framework of the spatial arrangement approach with emphasis on the characteristics of the regional networks. In this regard, the collection of the necessary information and data was based on two methods: documentation-library data collections and field methods, based on interviews and use of questionnaires, in particular to identify different spatial flows in the area and their impacts on rural and urban linkages. Similarly, in the analysis and presentation of the findings, GIS and SPSS software have been used.
Results and Discussion
In recent years, at the level of developing countries, the emphasis on the need to improve these relations and the establishment of rural-urban links in the form of regional networks, refers mainly to the studies of Douglas (1998) and in Iran, it goes back to the first study in this regard (Saidi, 1382) and the subsequent studies (Ibid, 1390 and 1999).
The study area after the Islamic Revolution (1979), especially in the last decades, was like many other areas, under the influence of various socio-cultural, economic and political factors and forces, and thus witnessing the physical-spatial transformation of rural settlements and therefore changes in their longstanding relationships with urban centers, especially the central cities.
The result of such developments has been manifested in the form of various social, economic and population flows. So, the main issue of this research is the extent to which these developments have been able to pave the way for positive physical-spatial developments in the area and, as a result, to complement complementary Reciprocal rural-urban relations and links. Thus, the main research questions are how rural-urban relations have affected the physical-spatial development of rural settlements and how can these existing relations be transformed into complementary relations and Reciprocal rural-urban links?
The results show that due to some structural problems, e.g. irreconcilable administrative-political divisions and some structural weaknesses of villages in the periphery of the main city, despite the physical-spatial changes of rural and urban settlements, the necessary conditions for the actualization the necessary spatial functions could not develop to more coherently and complementary form, emerging reciprocal relations and links between rural and urban settlements. What has contributed to this situation has been the lack of spatial planning in line with the physical and socio-economic conditions of the area.