1 دانشجوی دکترای اقلیم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
2 اقلیم، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.
3 اقلیم، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Exposure to heat and heat stress that most people face during daily activities or activities in the work environment will have a significant impact on human physical activities. The purpose of this study is to discuss and investigate the effects of heat stress in 22 regions on Tehrani citizens. For this purpose, questionnaire data has been used. This research is descriptive and is conducted in the field. A questionnaire was also used to collect information. This questionnaire was conducted on 385 samples according to the sample size and with the help of Cochran's formula. SPSS software and MATLAB software were used to analyze the questionnaire data. Analysis of the descriptive findings showed that 60% of the respondents are women and 40% are men. Since weight is almost directly related to heat stress, it is possible to evaluate the class variation of weight in order to analyze the factors and mental reactions of heat stress of Tehrani citizens. Therefore, 32.7% of them weigh between 55 and 65 and 29.09% weigh more than 75 kg. In order to investigate and analyze the role of heat stress on the citizens of Tehran, factor analysis and cluster analysis have been used. The results showed that, based on the factor analysis, heat stress has the greatest effect on the peace of mind and soul, the factor of fatigue and heatstroke, and the reduction of activity and increase of body sweating, muscle cramps, lung and heart diseases. This is despite the fact that based on the cluster analysis, it has more influence on cardiopulmonary diseases and muscle cramps, relaxation of mind and spirit, fatigue, dizziness, heatstroke, decreased activity and increased body sweating. The study indicates the effects of heat stress on gender, type of occupation, marriage, celibacy, male and female, indicating that heat stress has a significant relationship with gender, occupation and age, while marriage, celibacy and weight have no effect on heat stress. .