عنوان مقاله [English]
The governments of nations have faced numerous political and geopolitical crises since their formation. In geopolitical crises where the dispute is over the control and acquisition of one or more significant geographic values, it causes the crisis to linger and not be resolved; Because the subject of dispute is considered among the national interests, which cannot be compromised for the involved parties.
As the most important actor in the geopolitical region of the South Caucasus, the Republic of Azerbaijan faced the geopolitical crisis of land occupation after independence due to the territorial expansionism of Armenia. A crisis that later became international with the intervention of some powers. Iran, as the most important neighbor of Azerbaijan, has always tried to somehow intervene in this crisis to take its place among the actors. maintain regional and transregional. Based on this, the present research, in a descriptive and analytical way, investigates the basic question, how is Iran's performance to solve the Nagorno-Karabakh crisis evaluated? The results of the research show that the Karabakh crisis has taken on complex dimensions due to the multi-layered nature, continuity and stability of the crisis, the multiplicity of actors and the pursuit of specific geopolitical goals by mediators. Based on the complex matrix of the crisis as well as its specific geopolitical requirements, Iran pursues various goals: prevent the formation of a triple alliance between Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey, prevent the spread of the crisis towards its borders, and finally, play a deterrent role. regarding the presence of extra-regional actors such as Israel and the United States next to its borders.