عنوان مقاله [English]
Crime is one of the important phenomena that can distort the face of the city and challenge the urban management system as a social problem. Such deviant behaviors sometimes happen to some people, and its consequences not only affect them and their victims, but also affect the society and create problems such as a sense of insecurity and a decrease in health and social vitality for the society. The purpose of this article is to investigate financial crimes and analyze its social space in the city of Kermanshah with an interdisciplinary approach, combining geography and sociology. The data of this research is taken from the statistics available at Naja Research Center (Samane 110 Center) and Statistics Department of Kermanshah Governorate. Numerical taxonomy and Morris method have been used to measure the level of development and the level of comfort of localities.
The findings show that the level of prosperity of the neighborhoods does not have the same distribution and is divided into five unequal levels. The result of the clustering test indicates that the distribution of financial crimes follows a centralized pattern and crime hot spots have formed in the city. The correlation between inequality and financial crimes is 0.513 and is significant with a 95% confidence level. The results show that different neighborhoods with different levels of facilities provide the basis for the crystallization of inequality between the neighborhoods and their residents, and on the other hand, the formation of crime, both in terms of its type and rate, is different in different spaces. In other words, the nature of space gives shape to mass. On the other hand, inequality can create the necessary conditions for crime to occur, although its impact is not the same in different neighborhoods.