عنوان مقاله [English]
The expansion of car life and the ever-increasing traffic in cities and roads in the last half century, in contrast to the number of accidents and road accidents, have made the issue of safety in the field of traffic become one of the most fundamental issues and challenges of the road transport sector. . The importance of the role of traffic safety in the discussions of road transport planning and Iran's position among the countries with the highest number of deaths due to accidents caused the present research to achieve a principled, accurate and codified planning with an emphasis on documentary sources and The statistical data of the Road Traffic and Road Transport Organization during the periods of 2012, 2011 and 2010 measures the level of development of the country's provinces in the field of road safety and traffic. This survey, which was carried out with the aim of explaining the position of each province in the country in the field of road safety and traffic, is an applied research that uses the analytical descriptive method and the use of spss, excel software, fuzzy TOPSIS techniques and cluster analysis. Hierarchy tries to evaluate and analyze the available data. The research findings indicate that in terms of development in the field of road safety and traffic, there is a deep gap between the provinces of the country. As the findings prove this, among the provinces of the country, only Tehran province is in a very developed condition in terms of safety, and 16 provinces are in the ranks of deprived areas, and 4 provinces, Khuzestan, Kohkiloye and Boyer Ahmad, South Khorasan and Kerman are among the regions. They are very deprived. The analysis also shows that the provinces of Qom, Alborz, Mazandaran, Lorestan and Zanjan are in the Jirga of developed provinces and the provinces of Golestan, Markazi, Semnan, Hamedan and Qazvin are in the category of moderately developed regions. spent for road safety is not only a cost but also considered a sustainable investment and therefore in order to achieve the desired development and remove the huge number of deprivations in the field of road safety and traffic, while paying attention to the special natural conditions of the regions, the current situation Review and according to the length of roads covered by each province, spatial planning should be done to increase the quantity and quality of resources and standardize indicators.