عنوان مقاله [English]
"Cities" are not only the platform for the formation of political and civil institutions, and an integral part of the modernization and socio-economic development process, but also the main focus of events, actions and reactions, and all kinds of economic, political, cultural, social and physical relationships. are also The city, as a modern phenomenon, represents the place and role of nations in the development process of the aforementioned interactions and relationships. Today, with the design of new models and effective strategies for organizing urban space and increasing the political and strategic role of cities, cities have become the focus of studies in political geography and geopolitics. In this regard, political geographers have focused more than anything on the political dimension of urban space, citizens, local government, urban economy, and representatives of cities/world cities. But how the phenomenon of the city is studied from the point of view of political geographers and geopoliticians is a question that this article deals with along with the analysis of the theories and views of two of the most prominent political geographers. The results of this research with a descriptive-analytical method show that the phenomenon of the city is studied and investigated in a multidimensional way in the form of theoretical and practical discussions by political geographers and geopoliticians with an emphasis on the triple core elements of space, politics and power. For example, Jean Gutman, by presenting the theory of megalopolises, believes that the growth of megalopolises will lead to the creation of a new political order based on the community of global cities. Also, Kevin Cox examines the relationship between "geography and urban politics"; will pay. And while focusing on situational conflicts and political systems, it is believed that modern conflict analysts have been indifferent to spatial relations - natural distance, proximity, distribution and theoretical and empirical questions related to geographical scale.