نوع مقاله : مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری
1 دانشجوی دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.
2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to UN figures, by 2050 the urban population will reach 68% of the world's population(UN,2018). In this age, which can be called the age of accelerated urbanization, in the shadow of the global capitalist system, the urban economy is accelerating towards globalization. But the position of Iranian and Islamic cities is not very good. Tehran was ranked 93 rd in the world in 2016 and dropped to 108th in the world by 15 steps in 2020. Other Islamic cities in the Middle East, such as Istanbul, Cairo, Baghdad and Riyadh, have also been downgraded in recent years. In this regard, this research first seeks a definition of the Islamic world and then identifies the indicators of the world city and the Islamic city and then by collecting the indicators of the world city and the Islamic city and presenting it to experts in the form of a questionnaire and its analysis in software Mick Mac software and at the end, are stated the most important indicators in transforming the city of Isfahan as an Islamic globalcity.
The present study, with a central index approach, identifies the most important variables affecting the city of Isfahan as a world-class city with Iranian Islamic indicators and examines the extent and how these factors affect. This research is applied in terms of purpose and according to the components under study, the approach is the descriptive-analytical method. Environmental and Delphi scanning techniques have been used to identify variables and indicators. In this regard, in the first stage, to collect variables from articles in journals, published articles on the subject of research were used; Then, a semi-structured questionnaire was distributed between experts and specialists in the field of urban issues and they were asked to score points in the matrix of intersecting effects on variables, based on effectiveness and affectivity with numbers in the range 0 to 3.
Results and Discussion
In this part of the research, with a futuristic approach, the factors affecting the emergence of Isfahan as a world-class city are identified and analyzed. In this regard, in order to identify the factors affecting the city of Isfahan as a world-Islamic city, two environmental scanning techniques and Delphi have been used. In this regard, 51 variables in 8 effective indicators have been extracted and entered into Mick Mac software by forming a 51 x 51 matrix. Based on the analytical results of this matrix, the variables of the economic sector had the greatest impact on the emergence of Isfahan as a global-Islamic city and the factors of the urban environment had the least impact. Interestingly, the variables of the economic sector, while having a very high impact, also have a very high impact. The next step is to analyze the stability and instability of the system to obtain the key impulses.
Based on the results of the questionnaire and analysis of variables obtained in Mick Mac software, economic sector variables have the greatest impact on the emergence of Isfahan as an Islamic world city and urban environmental factors have the least impact. According to the position of the variables in the diagram, what can be understood from the status of the distribution page of the variables affecting the city of Isfahan with the indicators of the Islamic World City is the instability of the system. Due to the instability of the system, 5 types of variables including: determinant or influential variables, two-dimensional variables, regulatory variables, affected or outcome variables, independent variables were identified in this system. Based on the results of Table (4), 16 main variables were obtained as key drivers of Isfahan's transformation into an Islamic world. The variables proposed in the indirect effect are also repeated with a slight shift in the indirect effect.