1 جغرافیای شهری،دانشگاه تهران. ایران.
2 جغرافیای شهری،دانشگاه تهران. تهران، ایران.
3 کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیای شهری،دانشگاه تهران. تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent years, institutions and agencies active in the field of disaster reduction have focused most of their activities to achieve a resilient society against disasters, among which earthquakes due to extensive damage and widespread social anomalies. It has a higher priority than other events to strengthen the resilience of communities against natural disasters.
The present study has been carried out in terms of practical purpose and in terms of descriptive-analytical method. In this research, library and documentary methods were used to collect data, and FANP and Vicor models were used for data analysis. The results showed that 17 indicators of physical resilience can be summarized in four factors, so that among the factors, the factor of access to main services and physical characteristics had the greatest impact on the physical resilience of the 12th district of Tehran. By placing the factor loadings obtained from factor analysis in the process of network analysis, the importance coefficient of the indicators was obtained and the indicators of the role of the road network and occupation level had the greatest impact on the physical resilience of the 12th district of Tehran. Finally, the results of Vicor model to measure the resilience of region 12 showed that the six regions of region 12 of Tehran are at different levels in terms of physical resilience, so that regions 6 and 1 have the highest resilience and after them Areas 2, 4, 5 and 3 respectively had the lowest resilience.