نوع مقاله : مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری
1 دانش آموخته دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.
2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامهریزی روستایی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.
3 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.
4 استاد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The goal of rural development is to improve the quality of life and achieve a healthy life by meeting all the basic needs of rural society. One of the new topics that has attracted the attention of researchers in various sciences today is the level of Happiness of rural communities, which indicates the degree of prosperity of rural people. Due to the settlement of 44.7% of the world's population in rural areas and the existence of rural issues and problems such as population evacuation, rural living standards, attention to the Happiness and Happiness of rural areas is part of the goals of politicians in different countries. The happiness of the society, especially in rural communities, is one of the effective factors in economic, cultural, social and political development and reduces family disorders, increases the desire for education, employment and increases production. Therefore, given that freshness and Happiness are a function of various factors; Economic, social, institutional-managerial, environmental, psychological, physical and geographical. The existence of Happiness is considered as one of the criteria for the sustainability and development of societies. Therefore, in order to increase Happiness and thus achieve sustainable rural development due to the relationship between sustainable rural development and Happiness, it is necessary to identify the factors affecting the Happiness and Happiness of the study area.
The results of the structural equation model of factors affecting the well-being of rural households in Torbat-e Heydarieh show that all economic, social, institutional-managerial, personal, psychological-psychological, physical, environmental and geographical factors are able to improve the well-being of rural households. To explain. However, the path coefficients affected by various factors showed that the economic factor with a path coefficient of 0.41 has the highest factor load. Then, respectively, the institutional-managerial factor with a coefficient of 0.37, the social factor with a coefficient of 0.28, the personal-psychological factor with a coefficient of 0.28, the physical factor with a coefficient of 0.27, the environmental factor with a coefficient of 0.21, the enjoyment factor with the path coefficient of 0.18 and finally the geographical factor with the coefficient of 0.14 are in the next ranks.
Results and Discussion
The results of one-sample t-test of factors affecting the Happiness of rural households in Torbat-e Heydarieh show that all economic, social, institutional-managerial, personal, psychological-psychological, physical, environmental and geographical factors are capable of Happiness. Explain rural households. However, the economic factor, with a numerical value of 4.128, has the greatest impact on Happiness. Institutional-managerial factor with a value of 3.966, social factor with a value of 3.965, enjoyment factor with a value of 3.925, personal-psychological factor with a value of 3.675, physical factor with a value of 3.503, environmental factor respectively with the value of 2.430 and finally the geographical factor with the numerical value of 2.404 are in the next ranks.
The results of the study of indicators affecting Happiness showed that among the economic indicators, two indicators of income and savings have a greater effect on the Happiness and Happiness of rural households. Among the social indicators, the level of health and the existence of social security have played the most important role in increasing Happiness. Among the institutional indicators, two indicators of institutional trust and institutional support and support had the greatest impact on Happiness and Happiness. Given that the level of household enjoyment is associated with increased well-being and well-being of households, and the provision of rural services and education, in addition to the mental aspect, can also affect the objective dimensions. The three indices of texture, rural passages and rural infrastructure related to the physical factor also had the greatest effects on the well-being of rural households, respectively. Considering that in geographical studies, environment and geographical factors are as factors that can affect human nature, soul and psyche, among the indicators of these two factors, landscape indicators, green space of the environment Village, rainfall pattern and climate in the villages of the region have also affected the Happiness of the people, which is an internal factor