عنوان مقاله [English]
Holding free and fair elections and the existence of political competition is considered one of the aspects of democracy and the legitimacy of political systems, which is of double importance in societies that are transitioning to democracy. In order to achieve the maximum participation of the people, the geography of the elections uses various tools and methods, one of which is the effect of neighborhood or in other words, hometown. birthplace; It is a geographical area that has a kind of unity in social and political action due to the similarities of identity, inhabitants, in terms of culture, language, religion and history. Therefore, the continuity of words like: co-city, co-tribe, co-language, co-province and the like is a manifestation of the feeling of one's homeland. According to the above definition, in Iran, a range of one or more provinces, homogeneous in terms of language and ethnicity, reach an unwritten agreement about a particular candidate to support him, and usually that area is considered his support base. This research seeks to investigate and analyze the role of the hometown variable (neighborhood effect) in the voting pattern of the 11th presidential election in Iran. The results of the research show that the variable of birthplace had an effect on the voting patterns of three out of six candidates, namely Mr. Rouhani, Rezaei, and Qalibaf, and it is not evident for Mr. Jalili, Velayati, and Gharehi for some reasons.