نوع مقاله : مقاله مستخرج از رساله دکتری
1 دانشجوی دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.
3 استادیار جغرافیا واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The philosophy of collective life formation and coexistence has been the factor of security and defense.crisis management and passive defense and its application in the city have a historic antiquity,the truth of this claim can be found in defensive measures ,such as: moat,wall,kohandej,sharistan,robat,dam,etc.Thet exture,construction,function,from,performance of cities in strategic nd changes, areas have been a reflection of the amount of possible and experienced threats and crisis management has emerged in the intellectual field of Iranian designers,architects,urban planners and engineers.in every man-made phenomenon a defense aspect is evident,in the contemporaryera,the growth of technology a in the nature and quantity of risks and threats;measures of requirements,approvals and new defense assumptions have also been proposed.passive defese as an unarmed stregy based on principles such as:dispersion ,stealth ,concealment,cover,deception consolidation ,territorial defense training,etc.has become mandatory in the cities of iran in,the last two decades.
The current research is applied and developmental in terms of purpose.The method of collecting information was in the from of documents and library.In this research,the matrix technique has been used to examine the conformity of the Andisheh urban system with the principles of non-agent defense and urban crisis management.
In this regard,in order to know the elements,the centers of vulnerable areas and centers through surveys and interviews in the format of specified formats,prepared by experts and with the matrix method.Point have beengiven to these element and centers,and the strengthe and weaknesses of sensitive ,important and vital areas and centers have been extracted and finally led to the presentation of a strategic implementation model of crisis management and non-active defense for the city of Andisheh.
Results and Discussion
Comprehensive perspective of city as a system that has the related social, physical, economic Optimum location can be considered the most important non-active defense measure in reducing the vulnerability of vital and sensitive centers.Because if in the zero phase of the design,construction and establishment of vital and sensitive centers,factors and criteria under defense and security,such as Maximum use of natural feaures,Land preparation,Dispersion,Avoiding crowding and bulking ,primary resistance and … .compliance Monitored and controlled will prevent the occurrence of many subsequent problems.
As one of the important cities of Tehran province with special strategic implemented;As our main research question and why ,the test that was obtained from this city with different techniques and data statistics ,it has been determined that these requirements have not been impelemented in this city,and if there are sometimes maches in some urban systems,due to the fact that urban planning has overtaken urbanization in this city,Beis is a new city.According to experts and filed studies,the reasons for the non-implementation of these principles include:cost,lack of Knowledge and awarenss of officials,non-implementationof some principles,defectes in the community plan,defects in the entry table, and non –biniding nature of these principles in the urban system,It is a construction.